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The deadly earthquake on Monday in Turkey, which was felt in Syria, Lebanon and Israel, was as strong as one in 1939, the most powerful one on record in Turkey.
At magnitude 7.8, Monday’s quake had the same magnitude as one that killed about 30,000 people in December 1939 in northeast Turkey, Stephen Hicks, a research fellow in seismology at Imperial College London, wrote on Twitter.
Turkey, a hotbed of seismic activity, sits on the Anatolian Plate, which borders two major faults as it grinds northeast against Eurasia. The North Anatolian fault traverses the country from west to east and the East Anatolian fault rests in the country’s southeastern region.
Here are some other deadly earthquakes that have taken place along those fault lines in the past few decades.
A magnitude 7 earthquake near Samos, a Greek island in the Aegean Sea near Turkey’s coast, killed at least 24 people in Turkey and caused more casualties in Greece.
A magnitude 6.7 quake shook eastern Turkey, killing at least 22 people, injuring hundreds and causing tremors in Syria, Georgia and Armenia.
A magnitude 7.2 earthquake in eastern Turkey killed at least 138 people and injured about 350. The quake was centered in Van Province, not far from the border with Iran, and it was felt strongly in nearby villages and some parts of northern Iraq.
A magnitude 6.0 earthquake also struck eastern Turkey, killing 51 people. One village was largely destroyed and four others were heavily damaged. A second quake with a 5.6 magnitude subsequently hit the same area, among scores of aftershocks.
A magnitude 7.4 earthquake that struck the western Turkish city of Izmit killed more than 17,000 people.